Top 15 Most Polluted City In The World 2019 – The rapid industrialization across parts of Asia in recent years has been an economic boon. Unfortunately, industrialization and economic development are often at odds with environmental and public health concerns. In some parts of the world, a booming manufacturing sector and rapidly growing middle class have led to dangerous and potentially deadly levels of air pollution — often more than 10 times the safe standard set by the World Health Organization.

One specific type air pollution, commonly known as PM2.5 — shorthand for particulate matter 2.5 micrometers in diameter or smaller — is especially harmful. For perspective, the diameter of a human hair is 50-70 micrometers, so particles that are 2.5 micrometers or smaller are very fine and inhalable.

Top 15 Most Polluted City In The World 2019

 

15. Langfang, China

Smog shrouded streets of Beijing are what many likely imagine when thinking of air pollution in China. However, PM2.5 pollution is more concentrated in the city of Langfang, along the outskirts of Beijing. The average annual concentration of PM2.5 in Langfang is 96 micrograms per cubic meter of air, compared to 85 micrograms per cubic meter in Beijing.

Though China has policies on the books to reduce pollution in the region’s steel and coal industries, they are not being enforced.

Most Polluted City In The World

Air Pollution 82.39 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 59.57 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 50.92 Moderate
Dirty and Untidy 52.49 Moderate
Noise and Light Pollution 56.65 Moderate
Water Pollution 67.91 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 72.58 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 43.28 Moderate

 

> Population: 868,000
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 96 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 144 micrograms

14. Ahmedabad, India

> Population: 7.6 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 100 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 83 micrograms

Ahmedabad, India is one of only 14 cities in the world in which PM2.5 air pollution average concentration levels are 100 micrograms per cubic meter or higher. The city is located in Northwestern India in the state of Gujarat. As is the case in many of the world’s most polluted cities, vehicle and industrial emissions are largely to blame for the high concentrations of particulate in the city’s air. A major urban center, Ahmedabad is home to nearly 8 million people.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 67.99 High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 45.67 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 64.18 High
Dirty and Untidy 61.27 High
Noise and Light Pollution 64.75 High
Water Pollution 66.16 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 61.32 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 54.85 Moderate

 

 

13. Tangshan, China

> Population: 2.9 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 102 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 153 micrograms

Tangshan, China is one of the most polluted cities in one of the most polluted countries in the world. Tangshan is the largest steel producer in the country, and steel production is one of the largest contributing factors to air pollution. In late 2017, the city was forced to enact emergency procedures, halting cement production and reducing steel production, in

order to address a period of especially heavy air pollution. The average level of concentration of PM2.5 in Tangshan is 102 micrograms per cubic meter of air.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 82.39 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 59.57 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 50.92 Moderate
Dirty and Untidy 52.49 Moderate
Noise and Light Pollution 56.65 Moderate
Water Pollution 67.91 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 72.58 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 43.28 Moderate

 

 

 

12. Kampala, Uganda

> Population: 2.0 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 104 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 170 micrograms

Air pollution in Kampala, Uganda is more highly concentrated than in nearly any other city in Africa. Traffic congestion is a considerable problem in the Ugandan capital, which likely contributes to the high concentrations of PM 2.5 pollution. Additionally, only about 25% of the city’s roads were paved as of 2014, and dust kicked up from unpaved roads are a significant source of larger particulate air pollution, which is also highly concentrated in the city’s air.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 78.57 High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 69.12 High
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 89.06 Very High
Dirty and Untidy 83.82 Very High
Noise and Light Pollution 57.35 Moderate
Water Pollution 79.41 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 72.22 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 64.71 High

 

 

11. Narayanganj, Bangladesh

> Population: 543,000
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 106 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 191 micrograms

The fourth Bangladeshi city on this list, and the most polluted in the country, Narayanganj is just south of Dhaka, the national capital and another of the most polluted cities in the world. The city is known for being home to numerous jute mills, which produce many different kinds of pollution.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 81.32 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 56.61 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 77.90 High
Dirty and Untidy 77.14 High
Noise and Light Pollution 65.07 High
Water Pollution 74.07 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 76.85 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 67.15 High

 

 

10  Hengshui, China

> Population: 4.4 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 107 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 161 micrograms

As measured by annual average concentration of PM2.5, Hengshui is the fifth most polluted city in China and the 10th most polluted in the world. As is the case in much of the country, industrialization is largely to blame for the pollution.

In an effort to reduce air pollution, the city recently vowed to be stricter and more punitive with businesses that do not adhere to emissions policy, particularly in high emission sectors like steel, iron, cement, and glass manufacturing.

 

 

 

9. Peshawar, Pakistan

> Population: 1.8 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 111 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 540 micrograms

Peshawar, a city in Northern Pakistan near the Afghanistan border, is the most polluted city in the country and the eighth most polluted in the world. In addition to having the some of the highest levels of PM2.5 pollution in the world, the city also has one of the highest PM10 pollution levels. PM10 particles are inhalable particles 10 micrometers in diameter or smaller and include dust, mold, and pollen. Such pollution is often generated by crushing and grinding operations or through dust from dirt roads. The slightly larger particulate is typically generated in crushing and grinding operations or traffic on dirt roads.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 77.00 High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 44.44 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 63.89 High
Dirty and Untidy 63.89 High
Noise and Light Pollution 50.00 Moderate
Water Pollution

 

54.17 Moderate
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 64.29 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 54.41 Moderate

8. Rawalpindi, Pakistan

> Population: 2.6 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 107 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 448 micrograms

With an average annual concentration of 107 micrograms of PM2.5 per cubic meter annually, Rawalpindi has the second most polluted air of any city in Pakistan and the ninth most polluted air in the world. As is the case in other heavily polluted countries, like Bangladesh, coal burning brick kilns emitting gases like sulfur oxides and carbon around the city are largely responsible for poor air quality.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 71.74 High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 52.94 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 69.12 High
Dirty and Untidy 66.18 High
Noise and Light Pollution 65.00 High
Water Pollution 78.33 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 62.50 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 61.76 High

 

7. Handan, China

> Population: 941,000
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 112 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 169 micrograms

Handan, China is one of the most polluted cities in one of the most polluted countries in the world. The average annual level of concentration of PM2.5 in Handan is 112 micrograms per cubic meter of air.

The region’s heavy industrial sector largely explains the poor air quality in the city. In an effort to reduce pollution and improve air quality, the city ordered steel making operations to cut production by one-quarter from April until November 2018. The city’s cement and glass production facilities are also being forced to cut production but to a lesser extent.

 

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 77.64 High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 63.27 High
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 46.81 Moderate
Dirty and Untidy 47.47 Moderate
Noise and Light Pollution 60.86 High
Water Pollution 68.68 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 67.16 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 52.37 Moderate

 

6. Shijiazhuang, China

> Population: 3.4 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 121 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 305 micrograms

Shijiazhuang is a city located in eastern China. With an average annual concentration of PM2.5 of 121 micrograms per cubic meter of air, Shijiazhuang is more polluted than all but five other cities worldwide. Ceramics production factories in and around the city in China’s Hebei province are major polluters. In response to poor air quality, the provincial government announced plans to reduce airborne PM2.5 particles by 14% by 2020.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 82.39 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 59.57 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 50.92 Moderate
Dirty and Untidy 52.49 Moderate
Noise and Light Pollution 56.65 Moderate
Water Pollution 67.91 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 72.58 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 43.28 Moderate

 

 

5. Delhi, India

> Population: 26.5 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 122 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 229 micrograms

Delhi, India is the second most polluted city in India and the fifth most polluted in the world. The average level of concentration of PM2.5 in Delhi is 122 micrograms per cubic meter of air. PM 2.5 air pollution is nearly seven times more concentrated in Delhi than it is in Visalia-Porterville, California, the most polluted metro area in the United States.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 88.74 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 64.18 High
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 76.20 High
Dirty and Untidy 72.99 High
Noise and Light Pollution 65.27 High
Water Pollution 77.91 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 79.25 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 52.40 Moderate

 

 

4. Baoding, China

> Population: 1.1 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 126 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 190 micrograms

The northeastern Chinese city of Baoding is one of 10 in the country to rank among the most polluted in the world. The highly concentrated air pollution in the city is largely attributable to coal-powered steam boiler systems used in villages around the outskirts of the city. Ironically, the city is one of several in the country to become a green energy hub, using renewable energy to power street lights. It is also home to one of the largest solar panel manufacturers in the world.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 83.76 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 68.27 High
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 62.10 High
Dirty and Untidy 62.88 High
Noise and Light Pollution 63.37 High
Water Pollution 71.92 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 76.84 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 59.23 Moderate

 

 

3. Xingtai, China

> Population: 689,000
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 128 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 193 micrograms

Xingtai is one of several cities in China’s Hebei province to rank among the most polluted in the world. Xingtai’s PM2.5 concentration of 128 micrograms per cubic meter is higher than any other city in both the province and the country as a whole. Coal mines and coal powered factories are largely to blame for pollution in the area. The problems are exacerbated by companies disregarding regulations aimed at reducing pollution in order to save money.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 94.79 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 65.62 High
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 50.00 Moderate
Dirty and Untidy 73.44 High
Noise and Light Pollution 65.62 High
Water Pollution 73.44 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 86.84 Very High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 67.19 High

 

2. Bamenda, Cameroon

> Population: 500,000
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 132 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 141 micrograms

Bamenda, Cameroon has the most polluted air of any African city and the second most polluted air of any city in the world. The average annual concentration of PM2.5 in Bamenda is 132 micrograms per cubic meter of air, which is over seven times the concentration found even in the most polluted U.S. city. Pollution is so bad in Bamenda, that spending just 45 minutes on a congested roadway in the city could be enough to harm one’s health.

1. Patna, India

> Population: 2.2 million
> Average PM2.5 pollution per cubic meter: 149 micrograms
> Average PM10 pollution per cubic meter: 167 micrograms

One of three cities in India on this list, Panta is also the most polluted city in the world. The average level of concentration of PM2.5 in Patna is 149 micrograms per cubic meter of air, more than eight times the concentration in Visalia-Porterville, California, the most polluted metro area in the United States. Vehicle emissions and smoke from coal burning brick kilns largely explain the high levels of pollution throughout the city.

Most Polluted City In The World
Air Pollution 86.50 Very High
Drinking Water Pollution and Inaccessibility 55.43 Moderate
Dissatisfaction with Garbage Disposal 89.13 Very High
Dirty and Untidy 84.78 Very High
Noise and Light Pollution 69.89 High
Water Pollution 63.10 High
Dissatisfaction to Spend Time in the City 74.47 High
Dissatisfaction with Green and Parks in the City 60.80 High

 

 

 

 

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